Mama makes a decision and, unbeknown to the rest of the family, buys a house. Recognising Walter's desperate need for autonomy she gives him the remainder of the money with instructions to put some in an account for Beneatha's education before investing the rest as he sees fit. Things should be looking up for the family at this point but instead they get worse. The homeowners' association in the exclusively white area Mama has bought pay the family a visit and make it clear they do not want a black family moving in. They go so far as to try and buy the family out. And Walter's business partner absconds with all the money - including Beneatha's share.
Initially Walter wants to accept the buyout offer but eventually changes his mind and stands up to the white homeowner's association. As the play ends the Youngers are preparing to move into their new home. Their short term future is bound to be full of struggles, both financial and social, but there is a sense of optimism for the longer term.
In this short play about one black family Lorraine Hansberry touches on many issues - poverty, racism, racial identity, dissatisfaction, dreams, home and family, and individual autonomy among them. Although set in the 1950s the issues raised in this play still resonate today.